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dc.contributor.authorMojica-Perilla, Mónica
dc.contributor.authorRedondo-Rodríguez, Sol
dc.contributor.authorOsma-Zambrano, Sonia Esperanza
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-27T14:19:18Z
dc.date.available2020-10-27T14:19:18Z
dc.date.issued2019-09-26
dc.identifier.issn2382-4603
dc.identifier.issn0123-7047
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12749/9923
dc.description.abstractIntroducción. Las mujeres con depresión y ansiedad prenatal pueden sufrir problemas en su funcionamiento social, retraimiento emocional y excesiva preocupación por su habilidad futura para ejercer el rol materno. Objetivo. Identificar y describir los hallazgos reportados sobre los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de depresión y ansiedad prenatal, las consecuencias para la madre y su descendencia, las explicaciones teóricas que abordan su génesis, mantenimiento y las estrategias de atención en salud. Metodología. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en las bases de datos y fuentes de información: Pub Med, EBSCO Host, Scielo, Redalyc y Google Scholar, de artículos publicados entre 1995 y 2015, empleando los términos “depression during pregnancy”, “antenatal anxiety”, “perinatal mental health”, y “prenatal anxiety” entre otros, se seleccionaron artículos que reportaran el riesgos e impactos en la salud de la madre y su descendencia, explicaciones teóricas sobre génesis y mantenimiento de la depresión y ansiedad. Resultados. El principal factor de riesgo identificado es una historia previa de ansiedad y/o depresión; entre los efectos negativos para la salud del bebe se destacan restricción en el crecimiento fetal, bajo peso al nacer, parto prematuro y a futuro problemas emocionales y conductuales del niño. Las estrategias de acción comprenden el diseño de guías y protocolos de atención clínica que permiten identificar las mujeres en riesgo y las que ya presentan una sintomatología media o severa. Conclusiones. Los anteriores resultados ponen en evidencia la necesidad de implementar estrategias de acción que permitan la identificación temprana de poblaciones en riesgo. [Mojica-Perilla M, Redondo-Rodríguez S, Osma-Zambrano SE. Depresión y ansiedad prenatal: una revisión de la literatura. MedUNAB. 2019;22(2):200-212. doi: 10.29375/01237047.2820]
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dc.publisherUniversidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNAB
dc.relationhttps://revistas.unab.edu.co/index.php/medunab/article/view/2820/3124
dc.relationHttps://revistas.unab.edu.co/index.php/medunab/article/view/2820/3136
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dc.relation.urihttps://revistas.unab.edu.co/index.php/medunab/article/view/2820
dc.sourceMedUNAB; Vol. 22 Núm. 2 (2019): agosto - noviembre 2019: Depresión Prenatal, Epilepsia, Urgencias Oftalmológicas; 200-212
dc.subjectEmbarazo
dc.subjectDepresión
dc.subjectAnsiedad
dc.subjectFactores de riesgo
dc.subjectImpactos para la salud
dc.titleDepresión y ansiedad prenatal: una revisión de la literatura
dc.title.translatedPrenatal Depression and Anxiety: a Literature Review
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type.localArtículospa
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_7a1f
dc.subject.keywordspregnancy
dc.subject.keywordsDepression
dc.subject.keywordsAnxiety
dc.subject.keywordsRisk factors
dc.subject.keywordsImpacts on health
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNAB
dc.type.hasversionInfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repositorio.unbosque.edu.co
dc.description.abstractenglishIntroduction. Women with prenatal depression and anxiety may suffer issues in their social performance, emotional withdrawal and excessive worrying about their future ability to be mothers. Objective. To identify and describe the findings that literature reports on risk factors for developing prenatal depression and anxiety, the consequences for the mother and child, theoretical explanations that cover origin and treatment, and health care strategies. Methodology. We performed a literature review on articles published between 1995 and 2015 on the PubMed, EBSCO Host, Scielo, Redalyc and Google Scholar databases and sources of information. The terms, “depression during pregnancy,” “antenatal anxiety,” “perinatal mental health,” and “prenatal anxiety,” among others, were used. Moreover, we selected articles that reported risks and impacts on the mother and child’s health, theoretical explanations on its origin and treatments for depression and anxiety. Results. The main identified risk factor is a previous history of anxiety and/or depression at some point in life. A restriction to prenatal development, a low birth weight and premature labor all stand out as some of the negative effects on the baby’s health. Going forward, emotional and behavioral issues in the child stand out. Action strategies consist of designing clinical care guides and protocols that allow identifying women who are at risk and women who already present a moderate or severe symptomatology. Conclusions. The above results bring to light the need to implement action strategies that allow identifying populations at risk early.
dc.identifier.doi10.29375/01237047.2820
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/CJournalArticle


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