Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorAcebedo Arenas, César Yovanyspa
dc.contributor.authorBecerra Guerrero, Juan Humbertospa
dc.coverage.spatialColombiaspa
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-26T19:52:19Z
dc.date.available2020-10-26T19:52:19Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12749/7346
dc.description.abstractDesde el establecimiento de Colombia como un estado independiente, se han librado guerras y se siguen librando para lograr la igualdad en un país lleno de contrastes, un país con historia pero sin memoria. La verdadera revolución comienza cuando aquellos que alimentan al país tienen la misma oportunidad que los que controlan las industrias, la Colombia rural es un lugar lleno de oportunidades que reconocemos pero que a la vez no hacemos nada para desarrollarlas. Una revolución tecnológica donde algo básico como dar a todas las familias en áreas rurales la oportunidad de cocinar sin necesidad de leña, cocinar sin importar si llueve y de igual manera tener un ambiente saludable dentro de su hogar sin los humos peligrosos generador por las cocinas a leña, esas son las revoluciones que realmente importa en el campo. El uso de lo que se ha considerado desperdicio durante siglos para producir biogás cambiar la forma en que se vive la vida en las zonas rurales de Colombia, esta revolución funcionar como una plataforma para una vida mejor y mas saludable. El principal objetivo de este trabajo es el desarrollo de biodigestores robustos y que pueden alimentarse del estiércol para producir biogás y fertilizantes como subproducto, que pueda satisfacer fácilmente las necesidades de un hogar, un biodigestor que se adapte a las necesidades sociales y económicas de las zonas rurales del país y a su entorno geográfico. Una investigación en profundidad de los avances tecnológicos actuales, acompañada del conocimiento de quienes han trabajado en los campos de Colombia.spa
dc.description.sponsorshipOregon Institute of Technologyspa
dc.description.tableofcontentsLIST OF TABLES ii LIST OF FIGURES iii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Introduction & Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Problem Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Significance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.4 R&D Objectives & Thesis Contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.5 Thesis Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 Background & Literature Review 9 2.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 System Design & Specifications 23 3.1 Design Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.2 System Level Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4 Design & Development 26 4.1 Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4.2 Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 5 Results and Performance Assessment 27 5.1 Simulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 5.2 Experimentation Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 5.3 Performance Characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 6 Conclusions 28 6.1 Contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 6.2 Future Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/*
dc.titleUso de residuos biológicos bovinos para aplicaciones rurales a pequeña escala en Colombia mediante un sistema de biogás de ciclo cerradospa
dc.title.translatedUse of bovine biological waste for small-scale rural applications in Colombia through a closed-cycle biogas systemspa
dc.degree.nameIngeniero en Energíaspa
dc.publisher.grantorUniversidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNABspa
dc.rights.localAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.publisher.programPregrado Ingeniería en Energíaspa
dc.description.degreelevelPregradospa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis
dc.type.localTrabajo de Gradospa
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_7a1f
dc.subject.keywordsEnergy engineeringeng
dc.subject.keywordsTechnological innovationseng
dc.subject.keywordsEnergyeng
dc.subject.keywordsTechnological revolutioneng
dc.subject.keywordsBiogaseng
dc.subject.keywordsCompostificationeng
dc.subject.keywordsManureeng
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga - UNABspa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional UNABspa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.rights.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2spa
dc.relation.references[1] M.-A. Sadi, “Design and Building of Biogas Digester for Organic Materials Gained From Solid waste By,” , p. 210, 2010.spa
dc.relation.references[2] G. U. Megwai, “Process Simulations of Small Scale Biomass Power Plant,” Universitu of Boras, no. 1, p. 44, 2014.spa
dc.relation.references[3] G. Coassin, “US 2020 0039858 A1.”spa
dc.relation.references[4] N. SK, “Biogas Production from Poultry Faeces,” Innovative Energy & Research, vol. 07, no. 04, 2018.spa
dc.relation.references[5] S. Carrara, “Small-scale biomass power generation,” p. 259, 2010.spa
dc.relation.references[6] E. D. Larson, “Small-Scale Gasification-Based Biomass Power Generation,” Biomass Workshop, no. January, pp. 1–26, 1998.spa
dc.relation.references[7] B. JEFFREYS, “WO 2018/102847 Al (51),” 2017.spa
dc.relation.references[8] Unidad de Planeaci´on Minero Energ´etica - UPME, Bolet´ın Estad´ıstico de Minas y Energ´ıa 1999-2005, 2006.spa
dc.relation.references[9] Upme, “Bolet´ın Estad´ıstico,” Entre Ciencia e Ingenier´ıa, vol. III, no. 97, p. 141, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://biblioteca.ucp.edu.co/OJS/index.php/paginas/article/ view/2570{%}5Cnhttp://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0011/001163/116345s.pdf{%} 5Cnhttp://www.ucv.ve/fileadmin/user{ }upload/sadpro/Documentos/docencia{ } vol3{ }n2{ }2002/8{ }art.{ }5{ }fernando{ }Garcia.pdf{%}5Cnhttp://wwwspa
dc.relation.references[10] I. Final, E. Interdisciplinario, and C. Por, “Estimaci´on del potencial de conversi´on a biog´as de la biomasa en colombia y su aprovechamiento,” pp. 1–216, 2018.spa
dc.relation.references[11] B. G. Terminology, “Biogas from manure — Airclim,” pp. 1–21, 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.airclim.org/acidnews/biogas-manurespa
dc.relation.references[12] F. M. BARRAGAN, “IMPLICACIONES AMBIENTALES DEL USO DE LE ´ NA˜ COMO COMBUSTIBLE DOMESTICO EN LA ZONA RURAL DE USME FABIOL,” ´ Ph.D. dissertation, 2011.spa
dc.relation.references[13] EPA, “Project Development Handbook,” Energy, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/lmop/publications-tools/handbook.htmlspa
dc.relation.references[14] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Market Opportunities for Biogas Recovery Systems at U.S. Livestock Facilities,” no. November, p. 41, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/agstar/documents/biogas{ }recovery{ }systems{ }screenres.pdfspa
dc.relation.references[15] EPA, “Managing Manure with Biogas Recovery Systems - Improved Performance at Competitive Costs, The AgSTAR Program,” pp. 1–8, 2002.spa
dc.relation.references[16] L. Avery, S. Joanne, and V. Tumwesige, “Small-Scale Biogas Digester for Sustainable Energy Production in Sub-Saharan Africa,” no. May 2014, p. 587, 2019.spa
dc.relation.references[17] UPME, Integraci´on de las energ´ıas renovables no convencionales en Colombia, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www1.upme.gov.co/sgic/{%}0Ahttp: //www1.upme.gov.co/sgic/{%}0Ahttp://www1.upme.gov.co/sgic/{%}0Ahttp: //www.upme.gov.co/Estudios/2015/Integracion{ }Energias{ }Renovables/ INTEGRACION{ }ENERGIAS{ }RENOVANLES{ }WEB.pdfspa
dc.relation.references[18] P. Conil, “EL BIOGAS Gas Natural Renovable para el desarrollo rural Potencial para ´ Colombia,” 1984.spa
dc.relation.references[19] E. Kocak-Enturk, K. Yetilmezsoy, and M. Ozturk, “A small-scale biogas digester model for hen manure treatment: Evaluation and suggestions,” Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 804–811, 2007.spa
dc.relation.references[20] S. Elsasser, “Anaerobic digester use in dairy farms in the United States,” 2006.spa
dc.relation.references[21] G. De Biogas, A. P. De, E. De Ganado, A. Nivel, D. E. Finca, E. N. El, O. Ecuatoriano, H. Brito, P. Palmay, M. Mendoza, and C. Haro, “Environmental studies View project HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT View project,” no. February 2017, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313844990spa
dc.relation.references[22] B. Manuel Raul Pelaez-Samaniego a, M. W. S. B, Q. Z. C, D. , Tsai Garcia-Perez a, C. F. E, and BManuel Garcia-Perez, “Charcoal from anaerobically digested dairy fiber for removal of hydrogen sulfide within biogas,” p. 9, 2018.spa
dc.relation.references[23] L. Rodrigues and L. Barbosa, “Influencia Da temperatura No Desempenho De biodigestores Com Esterco Bovino,” Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2013.spa
dc.relation.references[24] K. Reitzel, W. W. Bennett, N. Berger, W. J. Brownlie, S. Bruun, M. L. Christensen, D. Cordell, K. Van Dijk, S. Egemose, H. Eigner, R. N. Glud, O. Gr¨onfors, L. Hermann, S. Houot, M. Hupfer, B. Jacobs, L. Korving, C. Kjærgaard, H. Liimatainen, M. C. Van Loosdrecht, K. A. Macintosh, J. Magid, F. Maia, J. Martin-Ortega, J. McGrath, R. Meulepas, M. Murry, T. S. Neset, G. Neumann, U. G. Nielsen, P. H. Nielsen, V. O’Flaherty, H. Qu, J. Santner, V. Seufert, B. Spears, L. C. Stringer, M. Stutter, P. H. Verburg, P. Wilfert, P. N. Williams, and G. S. Metson, “New training to meet the global phosphorus challenge,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 53, no. 15, pp. 8479–8481, 2019.spa
dc.relation.references[25] C. F. Matos, J. L. Paes, E. F. Pinheiro, and D. V. De Campos, “Biogas production from ´ dairy cattle manure, under organic and conventional production systems,” Engenharia Agricola, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1081–1090, 2017.spa
dc.relation.references[26] A. Jafari-Sejahrood, B. Najafi, S. Faizollahzadeh Ardabili, S. Shamshirband, A. Mosavi, and K. wing Chau, “Limiting factors for biogas production from cow manure: energo-environmental approach,” Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 954–966, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1080/19942060.2019.1654411spa
dc.relation.references[27] Enersinc, “Energy Demand Situation in Colombia,” Departamento nacional de planeacion de Colomb´ıa, vol. 2ed, p. 136, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.dnp.gov.co/Crecimiento-Verde/Documents/ejes-tematicos/ Energia/MCV-EnergyDemandSituationVF.pdfspa
dc.relation.references[28] M. T. Yohaness, “Biogas Potential from Cow Manure – Influence of Diet,” p. 49, 2010.spa
dc.relation.references[29] A. Wresta, D. Andriani, A. Saepudin, and H. Sudibyo, “Economic analysis of cow manure biogas as energy source for electricity power generation in small scale ranch,” Energy Procedia, vol. 68, pp. 122–131, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.240spa
dc.relation.references[30] G. Alliance, C. Cookstoves, A. Global, and C. Limpias, “Colombia,” 2015.spa
dc.relation.references[31] M. Chavarria, “Estado Actual de la Informacion Sobre Madera para Energia,” Estado de la Informacion Forestal en Nicaragua, pp. 77–117, 2002.spa
dc.relation.references[32] H. Bergman, “Integrating a Biogas Digester into a Household Environment,” 2016.spa
dc.relation.references[33] I. Ferrer, M. Garf´ı, E. Uggetti, L. Ferrer-Mart´ı, A. Calderon, and E. Velo, “Biogas production in low-cost household digesters at the Peruvian Andes,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1668–1674, 2011.spa
dc.relation.references[34] I. Ferrer, M. Gamiz, M. Almeida, and A. Ruiz, “Pilot project of biogas production from pig manure and urine mixture at ambient temperature in Ventanilla (Lima, Peru),” Waste Management, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 168–173, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2008.02.014spa
dc.relation.references[35] T. Z. A. T and E. Gevaertdreef, “Designated Extension States : Designated Validation States :,” vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 1–10, 2019.spa
dc.relation.references[36] E. Chow, A. Torres, and W. Hirose, “US 2019 0344547 A1.”spa
dc.relation.references[37] N. Bruce, R. Perez-Padilla, and R. Albalak, “The health effects of indoor air pollution exposure in developing countries,” Geneva: World Health Organization, Report WHO/SDE/OEH/02.05, pp. 1–40, 2002spa
dc.relation.references[38] I. Angelidaki, M. Alves, D. Bolzonella, L. Borzacconi, J. L. Campos, A. J. Guwy, S. Kalyuzhnyi, P. Jenicek, and J. B. Van Lier, “Defining the biomethane potential (BMP) of solid organic wastes and energy crops: A proposed protocol for batch assays,” Water Science and Technology, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 927–934, 2009.spa
dc.relation.references[39] D. L. Brooks, “Potential for Methane Digesters,” pp. 1–52, 2013.spa
dc.relation.references[40] P. W. Gerbens-Leenes, A. Y. Hoekstra, and T. van der Meer, “The water footprint of energy from biomass: A quantitative assessment and consequences of an increasing share of bio-energy in energy supply,” Ecological Economics, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 1052–1060, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.07.013spa
dc.relation.references[41] L. Axelsson, M. Franz´en, M. Ostwald, G. Berndes, G. Lakshmi, and N. H. Ravindranath, “Perspective: Jatropha cultivation in southern India: Assessing farmers’ experiences,” Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 246–256, 2012.spa
dc.relation.references[42] T. Akio, “The Critical Assessment of the Resource-Based View of Strategic Management,” Ritsumeikan International Affairs, vol. 3, no. 2005, pp. 125–150, 2005. [Online]. Available: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/re/k-rsc/ras/english/publications/ ria{ }en/03{ }8.pdfspa
dc.relation.references[43] P. Gadonneix, F. Barn´es De Castro, and R. Drouin, Water for Energy World Energy Council Officers of the World Energy Council, 2010. [Online]. Available: www.worldenergy.org’spa
dc.relation.references[44] A. Meneses-J´acome, R. Diaz-Chavez, H. I. Vel´asquez-Arredondo, D. L. C´ardenasCh´avez, R. Parra, and A. A. Ruiz-Colorado, “Sustainable Energy from agro-industrial wastewaters in Latin-America,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 56, pp. 1249–1262, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.036spa
dc.relation.references[45] B. Holmatov, A. Y. Hoekstra, and M. S. Krol, “Land, water and carbon footprints of circular bioenergy production systems,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 111, no. November 2018, pp. 224–235, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.04.085spa
dc.relation.references[46] D. Brumbaugh, “Regenis is Converting Manure into an Environmental Success Story,” 2018. [Online]. Available: https://businesspulse.com/ regenis-is-converting-manure-into-an-environmental-success-story/spa
dc.relation.references[47] J. D. Craig and C. R. Purvis, “A small scale biomass fueled gas turbine engine,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, vol. 3, no. January 1999, pp. 64–67, 1998.spa
dc.relation.references[48] E. D. Aklaku, K. Jones, and K. Obiri-Danso, “Integrated Biological Treatment and Biogas Production in a Small-Scale Slaughterhouse in Rural Ghana,” Water Environment Research, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 2335–2339, 2006.spa
dc.relation.references[49] A. House, “Global headquarters: alliance house, 12 caxton street, london sw1h 0qs, uk company limited by guarantee. registered in england no. 3597005. registered office as above. registered charity (england) no. 1076690,” vol. 44, no. 3597005, pp. 1–4, 2009.spa
dc.relation.references[50] W. F. Lazarus, “Farm-based anaerobic digesters as an energy and odor control technology: Background and policy issues,” Anaerobic Digestion for Energy Generation and Greenhouse Gas Reduction, no. 843, pp. 15–44, 2010.spa
dc.relation.references[51] A. Voinov and H. Cardwell, “The Energy-Water Nexus: Why Should We Care?” 2009.spa
dc.relation.references[52] J. Jensen, S. Bioenergy, A. F. Specialist, and N. Resources, “COMPLETING A SUCCESSFUL FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR AN ANAEROBIC DIGESTION Completing 34 a Successful Feasibility Study for an Anaerobic Digestion Project Why Complete a Feasibility What are the Different Types of,” pp. 1–10, 2018.spa
dc.relation.references[53] M. Carus and L. Dammer, “The Circular Bioeconomy - Concepts, Opportunities, and Limitations,” Industrial Biotechnology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 83–91, 2018.spa
dc.contributor.cvlachttps://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0000376671*
dc.contributor.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5470-181X*
dc.contributor.researchgatehttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Cesar_Yobany_Acevedo_Arenas*
dc.subject.lembIngeniería en energíaspa
dc.subject.lembInnovaciones tecnológicasspa
dc.subject.lembEnergíaspa
dc.subject.lembRural areasspa
dc.subject.lembCompostificaciónspa
dc.subject.lembEstiércolspa
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repository.unab.edu.cospa
dc.description.abstractenglishSince the formation of Colombia as an independent state, wars have been fought and are still being fought in order to bring equality in a country full of contrast, a country with a history but no memory. Real revolution starts when those who feed the country have the same opportunity as the ones that control the industries, rural Colombia is a place full of opportunities that we acknowledge but we don’t do anything to develop them. A technological revolution were things as simple as giving all the families in rural areas the opportunity to cook without needing wood, to cook no matter is raining, to have a healthy environment inside your home without hazardous fumes from fuelwood, those are the revolutions that really matter in the countryside. Using what has been considered waste for centuries to produce biogas will change the way life is lived in rural Colombia, this revolution will work as a platform for a better and healthier life. Robust and off the grid biodigesters that can be fed from manure in order to produce biogas and fertilizers as a byproduct that can easily supply the needs of a home is the main purpose of this work, a biodigester that suits rural Colombia’s social, economic and geographical environment. An in-depth research of current technological breakthroughs accompanied by the knowledge of those who have work the fields in Colombia sets the base for a design that accommodates to all of the objectives set in this project in order to developed a full working prototype of biodigester that will be tested in Soto Norte.eng
dc.subject.proposalÁreas ruralesspa
dc.subject.proposalRevolución tecnológicaspa
dc.subject.proposalBiogásspa
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TP
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia*


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia