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dc.contributor.advisorMosquera Sánchez, Hernandospa
dc.contributor.advisorSerrano Gómez, Sergio Eduardospa
dc.contributor.authorFajardo Reyes, Camilaspa
dc.coverage.spatialFloridablanca (Santander, Colombia)spa
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-06T23:26:01Z
dc.date.available2020-08-06T23:26:01Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12749/7178
dc.description.abstractIntroducción: La obesidad y el sobrepeso se definen como un aumento anormal o exagerado de grasa que puede tener distintas consecuencias en la salud. La organización mundial de la salud define la obesidad como un índice de masa corporal (IMC) superior a 30 y el sobrepeso un IMC superior a 25. Desde 1975 la prevalencia de la obesidad se ha triplicado y cifras recientes de 2016 indican que hasta el 39% de la población mundial mayor de 18 años tiene sobrepeso y el 13% tiene obesidad. En dermatología existe una importante asociación entre el sobrepeso, la obesidad y diferentes afecciones cutáneas de tipo infecciosas, inflamatorias, secundarias a factores mecánicos, metabólicos y asociadas a la resistencia a la insulina que pueden llegar a afectar seriamente la salud de la piel y la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: Establecer la frecuencia y asociación de la obesidad y las patologías dermatológicas en la consulta externa de FOSCAL entre Noviembre 2019 – Marzo 2020. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal analítico con 826 pacientes con peso normal, sobrepeso y obesidad, donde por medio de una encuesta verbal, se tomaron datos sociodemógraficos y mediante un exámen físico dermatológico se identificarón y clasificaron las lesiones cutáneas asociadas a obesidad. Resultados: En total se inlcuyeron 826 pacientes entre edades de 18 a 65 años, el 72% (598) fueron mujeres y el 27% (228) fueron hombres. El 57% del total de los encuestados tienen un peso normal, el 32.1 % presenta sobrepeso, el 7.9% obesidad grado I, 1.2% obesidad grado II y 0.97% obesidad grado III. Los hombres presentan mayor prevalencia de sobrepeso (40.30% hombres Vs 29% mujeres) así como de obesidad (10.90% hombres Vs 9.7% mujeres). Las dermatosis que se asociaron de una menera estadísticamente significativa a la obesidad fueron acantosis nigricans, fibromas laxos, estrías por distensión, celulitis (lipodistrofia ginecoide), hiperqueratosis plantar, insuficiencia venosa crónica, forunculosis y psoriasis. Conclusiones: La obesidad y el sobrepeso se asocian de manera importante a múltiples lesiones cutáneas de diferente etiología. La prevalencia reportada en este estudio es similar a la global, sin embargo los hombres mostraron mayores tasas de sobrepeso y obesidad comparado con las mujeres. Las dermatosis reportadas en este estudio que se asociarón de una manera estadísticamente significativa a obesidad deben ser reconocidas como marcadores de estre trastorno. Entender la relación entre la piel y las alteraciones del peso es importante para el diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento de sus complicaciones.spa
dc.description.tableofcontents1 RESUMEN DEL PROYECTO: ....................................................................................... 8 2 DESCRIPCIÓN DEL PROYECTO ................................................................................... 9 2.1 Planteamiento del problema y justificación ...................................................... 9 2.2 Marco teórico ................................................................................................. 10 2.3 Estado del arte ................................................................................................ 17 2.4 Objetivos del estudio ...................................................................................... 23 2.4.1 Objetivo general ......................................................................................................................... 23 2.4.2 Objetivos específicos .................................................................................................................. 23 2.5 Metodología ................................................................................................... 23 2.5.1 Criterios de inclusión: ................................................................................................................. 23 2.5.2 Criterios de exclusión: ................................................................................................................. 23 2.5.3 Cálculo del tamaño de la muestra: ............................................................................................. 23 2.5.4 Muestreo .................................................................................................................................... 24 2.5.5 Recolección de la información .................................................................................................... 24 2.5.6 Definición de variables ................................................................................................................ 25 2.6 Plan de análisis de datos ................................................................................. 30 2.7 Consideraciones éticas .................................................................................... 30 3 RESULTADOS: ........................................................................................................ 31 3.1 CARACTERÍSTICAS DE LA POBLACIÓN: ............................................................. 31 3.2 VARIABLES SOCIODEMOGRÁFICAS .................................................................. 32 3.3 VARIABLES DERMATOLÓGICAS ....................................................................... 35 4 DISCUSIÓN: ............................................................................................................ 44 5 CONCLUSIONES ...................................................................................................... 50 6 BIBLIOGRAFÍA ........................................................................................................ 51 7 ANEXOS ................................................................................................................. 56spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isoesspa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/*
dc.subject.meshEnfermedades cutáneasspa
dc.subject.meshPruebas cutáneasspa
dc.subject.meshMetabolismospa
dc.subject.meshEnfermedades de la pielspa
dc.titleDermatosis prevalentes asociadas a obesidad en pacientes de consulta Externa de la Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander – Foscalspa
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.title.translatedPrevalent dermatoses associated with obesity in outpatients of the Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander - Foscaleng
dc.degree.nameEspecialista en Dermatologíaspa
dc.publisher.grantorUniversidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNABspa
dc.rights.localAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad Ciencias de la Saludspa
dc.publisher.programEspecialización en Dermatologíaspa
dc.description.degreelevelEspecializaciónspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
dc.type.localTesisspa
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_bdcc
dc.subject.keywordsDermatologyeng
dc.subject.keywordsMedical scienceseng
dc.subject.keywordsHealth scienceseng
dc.subject.keywordsObesityeng
dc.subject.keywordsOverweighteng
dc.subject.keywordsDermatoseseng
dc.subject.keywordsAcanthosis nigricanseng
dc.subject.keywordsCelluliteeng
dc.subject.keywordsPlantar hyperkeratosiseng
dc.subject.keywordsSkin diseaseseng
dc.subject.keywordsSkin testseng
dc.subject.keywordsMetabolismeng
dc.subject.keywordsSkin diseaseseng
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga - UNABspa
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga - UNABspa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional UNABspa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional UNABspa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.rights.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2spa
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dc.contributor.cvlachttps://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0000128352*
dc.contributor.cvlachttps://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0000533254*
dc.contributor.cvlachttps://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0001521095*
dc.contributor.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6418-7116*
dc.contributor.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6418-7116*
dc.contributor.scopushttps://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57193495766*
dc.contributor.scopushttps://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57197758865*
dc.subject.lembDermatologíaspa
dc.subject.lembCiencias médicasspa
dc.subject.lembMedicinaspa
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repository.unab.edu.cospa
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repository.unab.edu.co
dc.description.abstractenglishBackground: Obesity and overweight have been defined as an abnormal or exaggerated increase in fat which can have different consequences in human health. The world health organization (WHO) defines obesity as a body mass index over 30 and overweight as a body mass index over 25. Since 1975 obesity prevalence has tripled and recent studies from 2016 show that 39% of the global population over 18 years old is overweight and 13% suffer from obesity. In dermatology there is an important association between overweight, obesity and cutaneous diseases from different etiologies; such as inflammatory conditions, infectious diseases, changes associated with mechanical or metabolic factors, and cutaneous lesions related to insulin resistance. These dermatoses can have a serious impact on skin health and patient’s quality of life. Objective: Establish the frequency and association between obesity and cutaneous pathologies in external consultation patients from: Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander - FOSCAL between November 2019 and March 2020. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study with 826 patients of normal weight, overweight and obesity were included. During an oral survey, sociodemographic information was taken. Then a dermatological physical examination was performed, and cutaneous lesions associated with obesity were identified and classified. Results: 826 patients of ages 18 to 65 years old were included. Of these, 72% (598) were female and 27% (228) were male. 57% of patients were normal weight, 32,1% being overweight, 7.9% showed obesity grade and 1.2% obesity grade II only 0.97% were grade III. Male patients presented a higher prevalence of overweight than female patients (40.3 Vs 29% respectively). Obesity was also more prevalent in male patients than female (10.90% Vs 9.7% respectively). The dermatoses statistically related to obesity were acanthosis nigricans, acrochordons, striae distensae, cellulite, plantar hyperkeratosis, chronic venous insufficiency, furuncles and psoriasis. Conclusion: Obesity and overweight are importantly associated with multiple cutaneous diseases. The prevalence of weight disturbances reported in this study is similar to that of a global scale, however male patients present higher obesity and overweight rates than female. Dermatoses statistically related to the obese patient in this study should be recognize as markers weight disturbance. Understand the relation between skin and weight abnormalities is important for the early diagnosis and treatment of its complications.eng
dc.subject.proposalCiencias de la saludspa
dc.subject.proposalObesidadspa
dc.subject.proposalSobrepesospa
dc.subject.proposalDermatosisspa
dc.subject.proposalAcantosis nigrincansspa
dc.subject.proposalLipodistrofia ginecoidespa
dc.subject.proposalHiperqueratosis plantarspa
dc.subject.proposalFundación Oftalmológica de Santander (FOSCAL)spa
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TMspa
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia*


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