Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorRosero Pahi, Mario Albertospa
dc.contributor.authorGaleano Suárez, María Gabrielaspa
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Núñez, Pedro Alejandrospa
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-26T16:15:05Z
dc.date.available2020-06-26T16:15:05Z
dc.date.issued2017-10
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12749/361
dc.description.abstractNuevos estudios sugieren que el control cognitivo interfiere en procesos automáticos e implícitos, incluyendo la creatividad, resolución de problemas y aprendizaje estadístico. Adicional a esto, varios estudios han comprobado que el control cognitivo disminuye a medida que las personas envejecen, por lo tanto, los procesos automáticos e implícitos son favorecidos. Esta investigación busca determinar el efecto que tiene el bajo control cognitivo en el desempeño de tareas de aprendizaje contextual implícito, comparando un grupo de adultos jóvenes con uno de adultos mayores. Encontramos que no existe una diferencia significativa en el desempeño de la tarea “Contextual Cueing” entre el grupo de adultos jóvenes y adultos mayores t (38) = .261, p = .795. Estos resultados sugieren que el efecto “contextual cueing” es preservado a lo largo de la vida.spa
dc.description.tableofcontentsIntroduction 8 Problem statement 10 Research question 11 Hypothesis 12 Null hypothesis 12 Justification 12 Objectives 14 General objectives 14 Specific objectives 14 Background of the study 14 Theoretical framework 19 Attention 19 Implicit memory 21 Cognitive control 22 Cognitive control through age 24 Spatial cueing 26 Statistical learning 28 Variables 31 Independent variables 31 Dependent variables 31 Method 32 Design and type of study 32 Subjects 33 Tasks 33 Contextual cueing task 34 Posner cueing task 36 Procedure 37 Data analysis 38 Results 39 Discussion 45 Conclusion 47 References 49spa
dc.description.tableofcontentsIntroduction 8 Problem statement 10 Research question 11 Hypothesis 12 Null hypothesis 12 Justification 12 Objectives 14 General objectives 14 Specific objectives 14 Background of the study 14 Theoretical framework 19 Attention 19 Implicit memory 21 Cognitive control 22 Cognitive control through age 24 Spatial cueing 26 Statistical learning 28 Variables 31 Independent variables 31 Dependent variables 31 Method 32 Design and type of study 32 Subjects 33 Tasks 33 Contextual cueing task 34 Posner cueing task 36 Procedure 37 Data analysis 38 Results 39 Discussion 45 Conclusion 47 References 49spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/*
dc.titleAge effects on implicit contextual learningspa
dc.title.translatedAge effects on implicit contextual learningeng
dc.degree.namePsicólogospa
dc.coverageBucaramanga (Colombia)spa
dc.publisher.grantorUniversidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNABspa
dc.rights.localAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad Ciencias de la Saludspa
dc.publisher.programPregrado Psicologíaspa
dc.description.degreelevelPregradospa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis
dc.type.localTrabajo de Gradospa
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_7a1f
dc.subject.keywordsPsychology of learningeng
dc.subject.keywordsSenior adulteng
dc.subject.keywordsAdolescent psychologyeng
dc.subject.keywordsPsychologyeng
dc.subject.keywordsResearcheng
dc.subject.keywordsCognitive controleng
dc.subject.keywordsProblem resolutioneng
dc.subject.keywordsStatistical learningeng
dc.subject.keywordsImplicit contextual learningeng
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga - UNABspa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional UNABspa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.rights.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2spa
dc.relation.referencesGaleano Suárez, María Gabriela, Rodríguez Núñez, Pedro Alejandro (2017). Age effects on implicit contextual learning. Bucaramanga (Colombia) : Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNABspa
dc.relation.referencesAmer, T., Campbell, K. L., & Hasher, L. (2016). Cognitive control as a double-edged sword. Trends in cognitive sciences, 20(12), 905-915. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2016.10.002spa
dc.relation.referencesAminoff, E. M., Kveraga, K., & Bar, M. (2013). The role of the parahippocampal cortex in cognition. Trends in cognitive sciences, 17(8), 379-390. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2013.06.009spa
dc.relation.referencesBaddeley, A.,Eysenck M. & M. Anderson. (2009). Memory. Psychology Press, New York, NY, USspa
dc.relation.referencesBaker, C. I., Olson, C. R., & Behrmann, M. (2004). Role of attention and perceptual grouping in visual statistical learning. Psychological Science, 15(7), 460-466spa
dc.relation.referencesCampbell, K. L., Zimerman, S., Healey, M. K., Lee, M. M. S., & Hasher, L. (2012). Age differences in visual statistical learning. Psychology and Aging, 27(3), 650-656.spa
dc.relation.referencesChun, M. M., & Jiang, Y. (1998). Contextual cuing: Implicit learning andmemory of visual context guides spatial attention. Cognitive Psychology,36, 28–71. doi: http://doi.org/10.1006/cogp.1998.0681spa
dc.relation.referencesCraik, F. I., & Bialystok, E. (2006). Cognition through the lifespan: mechanisms of change. Trends in cognitive sciences, 10(3), 131-138spa
dc.relation.referencesCraik, F. I., & Byrd, M. (1982). Aging and cognitive deficits. In Aging and cognitive processes (pp. 191-211). Springer US. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4684-4178-9_11spa
dc.relation.referencesCEPAL, N. (2013). Consenso de Montevideo sobre población y desarrollospa
dc.relation.referencesCohen, N.J., & Eichenbaum H. (1993) Memory, Amnesia, and the Hippocampal System, MIT Press. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0013-4694(95)90026-8spa
dc.relation.referencesCohen, R. A., Sparling-Cohen, Y. A., & O'Donnell, B. F. (1993). The neuropsychology of attention. New York: Plenum Press. 10.1016/B978-0-08-092668-1.50011-9spa
dc.relation.referencesEich, T. S., Gonçalves, B. M., Nee, D. E., Razlighi, Q., Jonides, J., & Stern, Y. (2016). Inhibitory selection mechanisms in clinically healthy older and younger adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, gbw029. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw029spa
dc.relation.referencesEich, T. S., Razlighi, Q. R., & Stern, Y. (2017). Perceptual and memory inhibition deficits in clinically healthy older adults are associated with region-specific, doubly dissociable patterns of cortical thinning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 131(3), 220-225. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bne0000194spa
dc.relation.referencesFiser, J., & Aslin, R. N. (2002). Statistical learning of new visual feature combinations by infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(24), 15822-15826.spa
dc.relation.referencesFantz, R. L. (1964). Visual experience in infants: Decreased attention to familiar patterns relative to novel ones. Science, 146(3644), 668-670.spa
dc.relation.referencesGratton, C., Lee, T. G., Nomura, E. M., & D'Esposito, M. (2013). The effect of theta-burst TMS on cognitive control networks measured with resting state fMRI. Frontiers in systems neuroscience, 7. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2013.00124spa
dc.relation.referencesHasher, L., Zacks, R., & May, C. (1999). Inhibitory control, circadian arousal, and age. In D. G. A. Koriat (Ed.), Attention & performance XVII, cognitive regulation of performance: interaction of theory and application (pp. 653– 675). Cambridge, MA/London, UK: MIT Press. doi: 10.4236/psych.2011.27112spa
dc.relation.referencesHealey, M. K., & Kahana, M. J. (2016). A four-component model of age-related memory change. Psychological review, 123(1), 23.spa
dc.relation.referencesHoward Jr, J. H., Howard, D. V., Dennis, N. A., Yankovich, H., & Vaidya, C. J. (2004). Implicit spatial contextual learning in healthy aging. Neuropsychology, 18(1), 124.spa
dc.relation.referencesJohnson, J. S., Woodman, G. F., Braun, E., & Luck, S. J. (2007). Implicit memory influences the allocation of attention in visual cortex. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14(5), 834 839. doi: https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03194108spa
dc.relation.referencesLogan, G. D. (1988). Towards an instance theory of automatization. Psychological Review,95(4), 492–527. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.95.4.492spa
dc.relation.referencesLustig, C., Hasher, L., & Zacks, R. T. (2007). Inhibitory deficit theory: Recent developments in a “new view”. Inhibition in cognition, 17, 145-162spa
dc.relation.referencesMatlab (2010) version 7.100 Natick, Massachusetts, The Mathworks Inc.Yantis, S. (1998). Control of visual attention. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Attention (pp. 223-256). London: Psychology Press.spa
dc.relation.referencesMiyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Emerson, M. J., Witzki, A. H., Howerter, A., & Wager, T. D. (2000). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis. Cognitive psychology, 41(1), 49-100. doi:10.1006/cogp.1999.0734spa
dc.relation.referencesOldfield, R.C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh Inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97-113. Retrieved from: http://gade.psy.ku.dk/Readings/Oldfield1971.pdfspa
dc.relation.referencesPeterson, M. S., Kramer, A. F., & Colcombe, A. M. (2002, April). Contextual guidance of attention in younger and older adults. Poster session presented at the Cognitive Aging Conference, Atlanta, GA. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.113.4.766spa
dc.relation.referencesPashler, H. E., & Sutherland, S. (1998). The psychology of attention (Vol. 15). Oxford (, England: MIT pressspa
dc.relation.referencesPosner, M. I. (1980). Orienting of attention. Quarterly journal of experimental psychology, 32(1), 3-25.spa
dc.relation.referencesPurves, D., Augustine, G.J., Fitzpatrick, D., Hall, W.C.,LaMantia, A., McNamara, J.O. & Williams, S.M. (2004) Neuroscience (3rd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.spa
dc.relation.referencesPurves, D., Cabeza, R., Huettel, S. A., LaBar, K. S., Platt, M. L., Woldorff, M. G., & Brannon, E. M. (2008). Cognitive Neuroscience. Sunderland, United States of America: Sinauer Associates, Inc.spa
dc.relation.referencesRosen, M. L., Stern, C. E., Michalka, S. W., Devaney, K. J., & Somers, D. C. (2015). Cognitive control network contributions to memory-guided visual attention. Cerebral Cortex, 26(5), 2059-2073spa
dc.relation.referencesTsvetanov, K. A., Mevorach, C., Allen, H., & Humphreys, G. W. (2013). Age-related differences in selection by visual saliency. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 75(7), 1382-1394spa
dc.relation.referencesSchwab, J. F., Schuler, K. D., Stillman, C. M., Newport, E. L., Howard Jr, J. H., & Howard, D. V. (2016). Aging and the statistical learning of grammatical form classes. Psychology and aging, 31(5), 481. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pag0000110spa
dc.contributor.cvlachttps://scienti.minciencias.gov.co/cvlac/visualizador/generarCurriculoCv.do?cod_rh=0001356760*
dc.contributor.googlescholarhttps://scholar.google.es/citations?hl=es#user=lmqwzwUAAAAJ*
dc.contributor.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9546-4064*
dc.contributor.researchgatehttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mario_Alberto_Rosero_Pahi3*
dc.subject.lembPsicología del aprendizajespa
dc.subject.lembAdulto mayorspa
dc.subject.lembPsicología del adolescentespa
dc.subject.lembPsicologíaspa
dc.subject.lembInvestigacionesspa
dc.description.abstractenglishNew studies suggest that cognitive control interferes in automatic and implicit processes, including creativity, problem solving, and statistical learning. Furthermore, studies have proven that cognitive control decreases as people age; therefore, automatic and implicit processes are favored. This research seeks to determine the effect of decreased cognitive control on implicit contextual learning task-related performance by comparing a group of young adults with an older adults group. We found that there is not a significant difference in performance between young and old adults groups t (38) = .261, p = .795. These results suggest that the contextual cueing effect is preserved through the lifespan.eng
dc.subject.proposalControl cognitivospa
dc.subject.proposalResolución de problemasspa
dc.subject.proposalAprendizaje estadísticospa
dc.subject.proposalAprendizaje contextual implícitospa
dc.type.redcolhttp://purl.org/redcol/resource_type/TP
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia*


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia